Ebeveynlerin Ruhsal Hastalıklarda İçselleştirilmiş Damgalanma Ölçeği’nin Geçerlilik ve Güvenilirliği

Gül DİKEÇ, Funda GÜMÜŞ, Abdullah ATLI
2020; 31(4): 269-279
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Validity and Reliability of the Parents’ Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale

Objective: The purpose of this study is to investigate the validity and
reliability of PISMI-TR, the Parents Internalized Stigma of Mental
Illness scale, which had been previously adapted to the Turkish.
Method: The data of this methodological study were acquired between
June 2017 and August 2018 from the parents of 281 individuals
who were diagnosed with a mental disorder and followed up at the
adult psychiatry polyclinics of a university hospital, by means of an
Information Form, the PISMI-TR scale and the Beliefs toward Mental
Illness (BMI) scale. SPSS 22.0 and LISREL 8.89 were used for data
analysis. The content and the construct validities were determined for
the scale validity and the internal consistency values were calculated for
the reliability.
Results: The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.87 for the total score
of the scale, and it varied in the 0.69-0.81 range for the subscale scores.
The confirmatory factor analysis validated a 5-factor structure for the
PISMI-TR scale tested on the participants of this study; and the adaptive
ad statistical values were at an acceptable level. The factor loading was
found to range between 0.34 and 0.74.
Conclusion: The validity and reliability analyses carried out indicated
that the PISMI-TR scale is both valid and reliable. The scale can be used
to evaluate the internalized stigma in parents, who play an important
role in adherence to treatment of the mentally ill offspring.
Key Words: Stigmatization, reliability and validity, mental disorders, parents