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Şizofrenide Yaşam Becerileri Eğitiminin İşlevselliğe Olan Etkisi: Seçkisiz Kontrollü Bir Çalışma

Hatice ABAOĞLU, Emre MUTLU, Sertaç AK, Esra AKI, A. Elif ANIL YAĞCIOĞLU
2020; 31(1): 48-56
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SUMMARY
The Effect of Life Skills Training on Functioning in Schizophrenia: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Objective: Psychosocial approaches including occupational therapeutic
interventions constitute an important part of mental health treatments.
This research was planned to investigate the effects of individualized
life skills training on the functionality of individuals diagnosed with
schizophrenia.
Method: A total of 32 individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia
were assigned randomly to the study (n=15) and the control groups
(n=17). The participants were evaluated with the Positive and Negative
Syndrome Scale for symptom severity, the Clinical Global Impression
Scale for illness severity and improvement and response to treatment,
the Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living and the
Lawton – Brody Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale for
adequacy of performance of basic activities and tasks of daily living,
the Functioning Assessment Short Test and Social Functioning Scale
for assessing the level of functionality before and after the scheduled
interventions for both groups. The control group received a singlesession awareness training to increase independence in daily living
activities and the study group received individualized life skills training
in 2 sessions per week for 8 weeks (=16 sessions).
Results: At the end of the research program, improvements were
observed in the negative symptoms, general psychopathology, severity
of illness and independence in basic and instrumental activities of daily
living and functioning in the study group as compared to the control
group.
Conclusion: On the basis of the obtained results, we believe that the
individualized life skills training may be an effective therapeutic method
for the rehabilitation of individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia. The
results of our study should be supported by long-term follow-up studies.
 
Key Words: Schizophrenia, life skills, functioning, activities of daily living