Dikkat Eksikliği Hiperaktivite Bozukluğu Olan Ergenlerde Empati ve İlişkili Etmenler

Merve GÜNAY AY, Birim Günay KILIÇ
2019; 30(4): 260-267
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Factors Associated with Empathy Among Adolescents with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of
psychiatric comorbidities on the level of empathy in adolescents
diagnosed with ADHD; to evaluate the relationship between adolescent
behavioral problems and empathy; to acquire information on the role
of having parents with psychiatric symptoms and the perceptions
of the adolescents of parental acceptance and rejection in empathy
Method: The study sample consisted of 101 adolescents of 12-16
years of ages diagnosed with ADHD and 50 adolescents as the control
group. K-SADS-PL is used for the DSM-IV diagnoses and WISC-R
is applied to the participants with ADHD. Both the ADHD and the
control groups were evaluated with the Basic Empathy Scale, Parental
Acceptance-Rejection/Control Questionnaire and the Young Self
Report. The parents completed the Sociodemographic information
form, Child Behavior Checklist and the Symptom Checklist-90-
Revised; and the teachers completed the Teacher Report Form.
Results: There was no significant difference between ADHD and
control group about basic empathy scale scores. The and emotional
empathy scores were significantly lower in ADHD group with comorbid
Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) than ADHD group with no
Conclusion: In our study having only ADHD had no effect on
empathy levels, ODD comorbidity was related to lower basic and
emotional empathy levels. In order to determine causal/temporal
relations, prospective studies, studies with larger sample sizes and with
more homogenous groups are needed.
Key Words: Adolescent, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, empathy, parental acceptance and rejection, parental psychiatric symptoms